The Role of Physiotherapy in Osteoporosis Management

elderly care

Osteoporosis is a prevalent bone disease that results in bones thinning and weakening over time. Although developing fragile bones is a natural part of becoming older, habits like smoking, drinking too much alcohol, and living a sedentary lifestyle can also speed up this process. This is because alcohol and cigarettes interfere with the body’s natural ability to mend itself by preventing calcium from being absorbed.

Osteoporosis, which increases the risk of bone fractures, affects 55 percent of Americans over 50. Women are biologically more susceptible to osteoporosis than males. Due to decreasing estrogen levels during menopause, women are more likely to develop osteoporosis in later life (a hormone that helps produce bone mass).

The Distinction Between Osteoporosis and Osteopenia

The best time to start learning how to slow or stop additional bone loss is if you’ve recently been diagnosed with osteopenia.

For those newly diagnosed with osteoporosis, preventing more bone loss is essential. Still, it’s also critical to learn how to avoid falls and move safely throughout the day. In your current condition, some of your bones may be fragile enough to break with only a tiny amount of pressure.

Prevention techniques like boosting calcium intake and regular exercise assist in strengthening your bones later on if you do get osteoporosis. There is no cure for it. It is more common to be diagnosed with osteopenia than osteoporosis if your bone density is lower than the average for a young adult.

Fracture risks with osteopenia are modest, thus slowing bone loss and preventing osteoporosis are the most critical objectives. This condition has a substantially higher fracture risk.

The Role of Physiotherapy in Managing Osteoporosis

Additionally, it can affect anyone at any age. Osteoclasts, the cells responsible for bone resorption, thrive in environments where people are physically inactive regularly. Hormonal changes associated with aging are another risk factor for osteoporosis. Thankfully, patients benefit from physiotherapy treatments in various ways.

With physiotherapy and rehabilitation, patients can better deal with pain in their back and muscles. Even though physiotherapy won’t cure osteoporosis, it can help manage symptoms by improving muscle tone and strength. Listed below are some ways physiotherapy can help people with osteoporosis.

  • Pain management: Treatment and management are required for patients suffering from soreness and pain due to a compression fracture. After the fracture has been repaired, physiotherapy might assist patients in managing their discomfort.
  • Bone and muscle growth development: Your range of motion and muscle tone will increase due to regular treatment, which will protect your bones from eroding.
  • Balance training: As people age, they are more likely to suffer from osteoporosis, contributing to their inability to walk without tripping or falling. Patient balance and fall prevention are helped by physiotherapy, which frequently results in broken bones.

Patients’ treatment plans may include calcium supplements and exercise prescribed by therapists (although they may not recommend some activities for older patients). Patients undergoing physiotherapy treatment may benefit from the use of back braces.

Our Physical Therapists will teach you effective exercise techniques to improve your strength, mobility and prevent further injury.


There is no single workout program for those with osteoporosis. Muscle strength, fracture risk, degree of physical activity, range of motion, gait, fitness, and balance should all be considered in designing a patient’s exercise program, which should be customized for each individual.

Physiotherapists have specialized training in re-enablement and evaluation. They can offer evidence-based advising programs, education, and exercise to help prevent falls, reduce fear of falling, enhance confidence, improve balance, and encourage healthy and active lifestyles.

Gateway Home Health is devoted to providing the most outstanding level of home health care in an environment that is respectful of human dignity and the dignity of others. Our highly qualified doctors and therapists try to go above and beyond the expectations of our patients, families, carers, and medical professionals.

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